T he Nutshell Studies are not open to the public. As such, I am eternally grateful to Jerry Dziecichowicz, Chief Administrator of the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner of Maryland, and Dr. David R. Fowler, Chief Medical Examiner, for giving me free rein to take as many pictures of the Nutshells as I needed.

The Glessner House Museum was very gracious in allowing me to use their images of Frances Glessner Lee.


Further Reading

"A Look At A Wonderful Lady: HAPS Founder, Frances Glessner Lee," pamphlet published by the Harvard Associates in Police Science, 1991.

"Harvard Gets $250,000 From Chicago Woman," Chicago Daily Tribune, 20 September 1936.

William Gilman, "Murder at Harvard," The Los Angeles Times, 25 January 1948.

Pete Martin, "How Murderers Beat the Law," The Saturday Evening Post, 10 December 1949.

George Oswald, "Grandma Knows Her Murders," Coronet, December 1949, available at

"Mrs. Frances Lee, Rich Widow Who Became Criminologist, Dies," New York Times, 28 January 1962.

Erle Stanley Gardner, "She Would Battle for Ideas at the Drop of a Hat," The Boston Sunday Globe, 4 February 1962.

Earl Banner, "She Invested a Fortune in Police, Entertained them Royally at Ritz," The Boston Sunday Globe, 4 February 1962.

Corinne May Botz, The Nutshell Studies of Unexplained Death (New York: Monticelli Press) 2004.

Randy Hanzlick, MD and Debra Combs, MPH, "Medical Examiner and Coroner Systems: History and Trends," Journal of the American Medical Association (March 18,1998--Vol. 279, No. 11) 870-874.

Flora Gill Jacobs, Dolls' Houses in America: Historic Preservation in Miniature, (New York: Scribner's) 1974.

Thomas P. Mauriello, The Dollhouse Murders: A Forensic Expert Investigates 6 Little Crimes, (New York: Pi Press) 2004.

Laura J. Miller, "Frances Glessner Lee: Brief Life of a Forensic Miniaturist, 1878-1962," Harvard Magazine (September-October 2005) 36-37.

James C. Mohr, Doctors and the Law: Medical Jurisprudence in Nineteenth-Century America, (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press) 1993.

Katherine Ramsland, "The Truth in a Nutshell: The Legacy of Frances Glessner Lee," The Forensic Examiner (Summer 2008) 16-20.

N.J. Schweitzer and Michael J. Saks, "The 'CSI Effect': Popular Fiction About Forensic Science Affects The Public's Expectations About Real Forensic Science," Jurimetrics (Spring 2007) 357-364, available at

Honorable Donald E. Shelton, "The 'CSI Effect' Does It Really Exist?" NIJ Journal (No. 259), available at

Susan Stewart, On Longing: Narratives of the Miniature, the Gigantic, the Souvenir, the Collection (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press) 1984.